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Moniliosis

Moniliosis

What is moniliosis?

It is a disease which affects fruit trees and which is due to the appearance of two different fungi: monilia laxa which affects stone fruits and monilia fructigena which attacks pome fruits. The disease attacks fruit injured by birds, bad weather or winter frost.

Moniliosis symptoms

Fruits that are affected by moniliosis turn brown and are stained with small white dots. They rot and can either stay attached to the tree or drop prematurely. Fungi are easily dispersed with the wind but also with insects: the risks of contagion are therefore significant.

Treatment

To get rid of moniliosis, you must first remove all the fruits affected by the disease and then burn them. It is important to prevent these kinds of problems by thinning fruit trees when they are too heavy. To prevent diseases caused by fungi, it is important to ensure the good health of the trees, in particular by applying Bordeaux mixture, regularly removing spoiled fruits as well as dead branches and mosses which can often appear. During the winter period, protective treatments must be applied to all trees.