Briefly

Cherry tree

Cherry tree

The cherry tree, or ceresium in Latin, is also called botanically cerasus. The cherry tree is a fruit tree of the genus prunus, and belongs to the family of rosaceae. It can be a fruit tree, it is the case of the very widespread species in our gardens and vegetable gardens, but also an ornamental tree appreciated for its flowers. Varieties from Asia are examples. The cherry tree has been cultivated in Europe and Asia Minor but also in China since Antiquity. Botanical research suggests that Northeast Asia is its country of origin.

Different species of cherry trees

The cherry tree belongs to the family of peach, apple, apricot and plum. It is one of the most common trees with over 400 species, such as the dwarf cherry, the burlat cherry or the bigarreau cherry. Its late flowering is superb, the Japanese cherry tree witness this. Its leaves are rigid, and shiny on the upper side, its bark is black and smooth. Its white flowers are gathered in clusters. There are around 250 varieties of cherries, the best known of which are the Morello cherry, the Burlat cherry and the Bigarreau cherry.

Planting, growing and caring for the cherry tree

In order to have good rooting, it is best to plant your cherry tree in September, October or March. The cherry tree does not tolerate severe pruning, it is therefore advisable to prune it regularly to avoid disease, and to rid it of its dead or weakened branches. If you only plant one tree, the choice of a self-fertile variety is essential, such as bigarreau, so that it offers you juicy and sweet cherries. If you plant several cherry trees, it is recommended to mix the varieties. If one of its branches breaks, it would be imperative to apply a healing sealant to the wound. If you have planted your tree with care, it will not give you much work, because it adapts to all seasons, and does not need special watering. In addition, it will give you beautiful fruits, which are full of vitamin C. Note that the lifespan of a cherry tree is 50 to 100 years.

Harvesting cherries

From April, the cherry tree begins to produce flowers which will then turn into cherries. Ripening takes place in a few months, the fruit is green then becomes red, then, for some varieties, the cherry becomes almost black, like the burlat cherry. Harvesting takes place from May to July depending on the cherry varieties.

Cherry diseases

The cherry tree is a robust tree but it fears certain diseases or pests such as aphids. In case of attack, the cherry tree sees its leaves become stunted, stained, blistered. The cherry tree also dreads cochineal, moniliosis and the cherry fly.

Discover the advice of Doctor Plantes to care for a cherry tree whose leaves are stunted, stained, blistered

video id = "0" / Find the cherry trees in the shop! Reference: The cherry to prevent certain cancers on Passeport Santé.

Characteristics